Informed Consent Policy

Studies involving patients or voluntaries require approval by the Ethics Committee and informed consent from each subject. These should be clearly stated in the article.

The author is responsible for obtaining informed consent from each subject shown in photographs, videos, detailed case descriptions, even after appropriate measures to preserve anonymity are taken. Names, initials or other forms of identification must be removed from photos or other images. Personal data, such as profession or residence, must be omitted except when epidemiologically relevant to the study. The author must ensure that data allowing for unequivocal identification is not presented or, if this is not possible, informed consent of subject(s) (or, where applicable, the next of kin) must be obtained.

Generally, the presentation of a case report must be accompanied by the written consent of the subject (or parent/guardian) prior to publication. This is particularly important when photographs are used or in cases where the unique nature of the case allows for the identification of the patient. Although the Editorial Board recognizes that it is not always possible or appropriate to obtain this consent, the author must demonstrate that this exception applies in the specific case.