Cannabinoid Intoxication in Children: A Challenge in Pediatric Age

Date of submission: 15-01-2018 | Date of acceptance: 08-05-2018 | Published: 06-11-2018

  • Sofia Pires Hospital Pediátrico de Coimbra, Centro Hospitalar Universitário de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
  • Ana Paula Rocha Paediatrics Department, Centro Hospitalar de Leiria, Leiria, Portugal
  • Luis Martins Paediatrics Department, Centro Hospitalar de Leiria, Leiria, Portugal
  • Maria da Conceição Nunes Paediatrics Department, Centro Hospitalar de Leiria, Leiria, Portugal

Abstract

Cannabinoid intoxication is rare among the paediatric age, and a high level of suspicion is crucial for the diagnosis.

We report two cases of paediatric cannabinoid intoxication that presented with neurologic manifestations (seizure and altered consciousness). Urine toxicological screening was positive for cannabinoids in both cases. The clinical outcome was good with complete recovery, and both children and families were referred for social services evaluation and social risk paediatric consultation. Cannabinoid intoxication should be considered in previously healthy children with acute neurological signs of unknown cause, while also avoiding unnecessary invasive and expensive exams.

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Published
2018-11-06
Section
Case reports