How Big Was the Impact of COVID-19 on Other Pediatric Infectious Diseases?

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How Big Was the Impact of COVID-19 on Other Pediatric Infectious Diseases?

Original Articles

Inês Taborda

Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Coimbra
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7301-5092

Mariana Domingues

Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Coimbra | Emergency Service, Hospital Pediátrico, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3963-9939

Bárbara Oliveiros

Laboratory of Biostatistics and Medical Informatics, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Coimbra | Coimbra Institute for Clinical and Biomedical Research, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Coimbra
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7836-8161

Fernanda Rodrigues

Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Coimbra | Emergency Service, Hospital Pediátrico, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5820-5215

DOI: https://doi.org/10.25754/pjp.2022.25427

Abstract

Introduction: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in Portugal has imposed two nationwide lockdowns in the last year, with strict non-medical interventions, causing a tremendous impact on the use of emergency services.

Methods: The most common infection-related admissions were compared in a pediatric emergency service during the first year of the pandemic with the previous two years.

Results: We observed 60% fewer infectious diseases, mainly due to respiratory and gastrointestinal infections, more pronounced during the lockdown periods.

Discussion: This important reduction in pediatric infection-related admissions during the pandemic points out the likely role of non-pharmacological interventions in preventing infectious diseases that contributes to the better and more rational use of pediatric emergency services.