Original articles should include the following sections: Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion. At the end of the discussion five short bullets must be presented, highlighting “What is new in this study”. Acknowledgements (if applicable), References, Tables and Figures.
Original articles should not exceed 4000 words (excluding references and captions of illustrations), up to six illustrations (tables, figures) and up to 60 references. A structured abstract of the main text with a maximum of 250 words.
Review articles are comprehensive articles that synthesize old ideas and suggest new ones. They cover large fields. They can be of clinical or basic science research. Although usually by the invitation of the Editor-in-Chief, the journal occasionally accepts unsolicited review articles about important issues or recent advances. Before you submit a review, please send a brief outline (no more than 500 words) to the Editor-in-Chief indicating the importance and novelty of the subject, and why you are qualified to write it. A submission invitation does not guarantee acceptance.
Review articles should not exceed 4000 words (excluding abstract, references and captions of illustrations), up to six illustrations (tables, figures) and up to 75 references. An unstructured abstract of the main texts with a maximum of 350 words.
Systematic reviews and meta-analyses
The text should not exceed ,000 words, excluding a structured abstract (of up to 350 words). It cannot include more than 80 references, and up to six illustrations (tables, figures).
Systematic reviews may or may not use statistical methods (meta-analysis) to analyze and summarize the results of the included studies.
Systematic Reviews should be presented in the following format: Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion. The subject must be clearly defined. The purpose of a systematic review should be to produce a conclusion based on evidence. Methods must provide a clear indication of the literature search strategy, data mining, classification of evidence and analysis. PRISMA guidelines (http://www.prisma-statement.org/) must be followed.
We recommend that all systematic reviews are registered in PROSPERO (http://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO/).
Case reports should include the following sections: Introduction, Case Report and Discussion. At the end of the discussion five short bullets should be presented, highlighting “What this report shows”.
The text must not exceed 2000 words (excluding abstract, references and captions of illustrations), four illustrations (tables, figures) and 25 references. It must include an unstructured abstract not exceeding 150 words.
It should not have more than five authors and all authors must have had a substantial individual contribution to the writing of the manuscript and not only be involved in the patient care. Those who were only involved in patient care should be listed in
CARE guidelines (http://www.care-statement.org/) must be followed.
These are articles that describe sets of cases, in a perspective of reflection on a particular experience of diagnosis, treatment or prognosis. The text must include the following sections: Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion. At the end of the discussion five short bullets should be presented, highlighting “What is new in this study”. It should not exceed 4000 words (excluding abstract, references and captions of illustrations), up to six illustrations (tables, figures) and up to 60 references. The abstract should not exceed 250 words and should be structured in the same way as the main text.
Letters to the Editor
Letters to the Editor are critical comments about an article published in the journal or a short note about a given topic or clinical case. Letters to the Editor should not exceed 600 words (excluding references and captions of illustrations), 10 references and may include a figure or table. They have no abstract.
If it includes a critical comment about an article, the following general structure must be followed: identify the article (reference 1); justify your writing; provide evidence (from the literature or from personal experience); provide a summary; cite references. The author answers must comply with the same structure. The timing of the Letters to the Editor is related to the probability of acceptance (submission until four weeks after the publication of the article in question).
Images in Pediatrics
Images in Pediatrics are an important contribution to clinical learning and practice. This section is intended for the publication of clinical, radiological, histological and surgical images, among others.
The title should not have more than eight words. Authors must be at most four. Images must be of high quality and educational value.
Up to 4 figures are allowed. Captions should be brief and informative. Arrows or other symbols should be included as necessary to facilitate understanding of the images. The text should not exceed 300 words, up to five references, and should include a brief medical history and relevant data of the physical examination, laboratory and clinical follow-up, as appropriate. They have no abstract.
This type of manuscript is submitted at the invitation of the Editorial Board, although unsolicited proposals and submissions can be accepted (and, thus, encouraged). It can cover a wide variety of themes in health care, including: current or emerging problems, controversies in the field of pediatrics, management and health policy, medical education, history of medicine, society issues and epidemiology, among others. An author wishing to propose an article in this category should send the respective abstract by e-mail to the Editor-in-Chief, an indication of the authors (no more than three authors are recommended) and the title of the article for evaluation. Upon acceptance of the proposal, the final article must contain a maximum of 1200 words (excluding references and captions of illustrations), two illustrations (table, figure) and up to 10 references. An abstract is not mandatory.
The submission of consensus and guidelines of the Portuguese Pediatric Society (SPP) or other societies should be made by its respective Presidents or their representatives by contact of the Editorial Board. The authorship is attributed to the Section or Society in question, and the date of approval of the document, the names of the authors involved and their institutional affiliation must appear at the end of the text.
Clinical practice guidelines should not exceed 4000 words, up to 6 illustrations (tables or figures) and up to 100 references. An abstract is not mandatory.
Manuscripts that consist on a selected recent Cochrane Review, particularly relevant, with the following scope: a) are intended to present a summary of the results of a systematic review or an overview of Cochrane Collaboration reviews, complemented by an original comment of the authors; b) must address a systematic review or an overview included in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and/or in the Evidence-Based Child Health: a Cochrane Review Journal already published in initial or updated version, is “active” (not removed) and is not “empty” (with no studies included); c) the theme should be pediatric in scope and at least some of the included studies must have pediatric subjects. This type of manuscript is to be submitted at the invitation of the team responsible for the Cochrane Corner, although it can be derived of external requests. Its structure must include a title that includes “Cochrane Corner:” and the subject, Introduction, Abstract of the Cochrane review (divided into Objectives, Methods, Results and Conclusion) and a Commentary to contextualize the evidence, any limitations, applicability and implications for clinical practice and research. It should not exceed 1200 words (excluding references and captions of illustrations) and can be complemented by an illustration (table, figure). In the case of a full copy of a figure or table being present, the appropriate publication authorization must be secured by the authors. Up to 10 references are permitted. An abstract is not mandatory.